Heat stroke in dogs.

Heat stroke in dogs.Picture c17b

Dogs can be very bad against the heat, at a temperature of 22-25 º C they reduce their physical activity and look for a cool spot. A high ambient temperature can be very dangerous for dogs because they cannot perspire, as we humans can, and thus regulate their body temperature. Dogs do not have sweat glands in their body, only a few at the bottom of their feet and on the nose mirror but these are not enough to keep the body cool. Their body temperature is mainly settled by panting. Because of this panting they lose IMG_0002a lot of fluid and this needs to be replenished regularly to ensure that the warming of the body does not go faster than the heat dissipation. At a temperature of 28-30 º C This mechanism is no longer sufficient and the body temperature starts to rise. If the ambient temperature exceeds the compensation limits of the dog, the dog can overheat very quickly. It happens every year again; Dogs left in the car in the summer. The car might be in the shadows initially, but the situation quickly changes because the sun is spinning. The people are not silent about how quickly the temperature in the car rises, even with the louvered ajar. Here's a tabelletje to scare you. Outside temperature temperature in the car after 5 min.   10 min.   30 min.   60 min. 20 º 24 º 27 º 36 º 46 º 22 º 26 º 29 º 38 º 48 º 24 º 28 º 31 º 40 º 50 º 26 º                                   30 º 33 º 42 º 52 º 28 º 32 º 35 º 44 º 54 º 30 º 34 º 37 º 46 º 56 º 32 º 36 º 39 º          48 º 58 º 34 º 38 º 41 º 50 º 60 º 36 º 40 º 43 º 52 º 62 º 38 º 42 º 45 º 54 º 64 °c,……                                   44 º 47 º 56 º 66 º (red is life-threatening) you can see that even at an outside temperature of 20 º C, the temperature in the car increased by one hour to 46 º C, a temperature at which the dog absolued its heat management. UT can no longer regulate and is in an emergency situation; The dog will most likely die within an hour! You understand that a bowl of water is a louvered ajar, even at this outside temperature are insufficient.

How do you recognize a heat stroke in a dog?

The first clinical signs of an overheating look like this:

  • A sustained, strong panting
  • Violent drooling
  • The inside of the ears are very red and warm
  • The dog keeps his neck stretched and the tongue hangs far from his beak
  • The dog is restless, nervous or even panicked

The dog tries to get his temperature down by heavy panting. He will try to find a cool place. If this is not possible because it is tied up or in the car, his condition will deteriorate dramatically and it comes to a ' heat stroke ':

  • Breathing becomes faster and upper superficially (Tachypneu)
  • Accelerated heart rate (tachycardia)
  • Strong red mucous membranes and tongue
  • The dog is getting apathischer
  • The dog shows uncontrolled movements
  • Possibly accompanied with vomiting and/or bloody diarrhea
  • The body temperature rises above 40 º C
  • Cardiac arrhythmias (Arrhytmia)

This overheating condition leads to a collapse. The dog is in shock condition.

  • The mucous membranes color bluish
  • The dog begins to tremble/vibrate and exhibits cramps

Then follows:

  • Unconsciousness
  • Coma
  • The death

First aid.

The first aid you can offer is to try to lower the body temperature and stabilise the blood circulation.

  1. Lay the dog immediately in a cool, shady place
  2. Immediately start to cool the dog. The best with running water from and hose or bucket. Not with icy water because then the small blood vessels constrict and the heat dissipation is obstructed. Start at the legs and slowly move up and head towards the front. Not too fast, that too is not good for blood circulation. It is also possible to use cool, wet towels, but they have to be replaced very frequently because they are quickly warm. If possible, regularly measure body temperature to prevent hypothermia. Ideal if the body temperature is cooled to 39.4 º C in a time frame of 30-60 minutes.
  3. If the dog Is conscious, give it to drink hand warm water. Under no circumstances pour a unconscious or half unconscious of dog water into the mouth! The dog must drink independently.
  4. Bring the dog to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Call beforehand if they are open and say it is an overheating so that they can take measures in advance.

Transport the dog in a car as cool as possible and absolutely not in a bench. This can serve as a sauna. Cool the dog on the road with damp towels and open the Windows for good air circulation.

What to do if the dog is no longer conscious?

  • Put the dog on its side
  • Empty the head with stretched neck straight forward
  • Pull the tongue out of the mouth
  • Cover the dog with wet towels and bring it directly to the vet

Picture Coloured Bar It is very important that the dog, even if it shows stabilized after the first aid, is brought to the vet. Most dogs need an infusion and further medication after a heat stroke. A blood test is necessary to check whether all organs are functioning properly. Complications such as blood clotting disorders, kidney failure and cerebral edema may occur. It is very important that the dog stays the first 24-48 hours under the supervision of a veterinarian.

How can you avoid all this misery?

  • Go alone early morning or late night walking
  • Avoid the afternoon and afternoon heat
  • Avoid transporting dogs in a car without Airco
  • Even transport in a car with air conditioning only then do if it is really necessary
  • Always take plenty of water so that the dog can drink on the road
  • Shave your dog in the summer months if he has a long, dense coat
  • And most important: Never leave your dog in the car, not even for 5 minutes!!!

But remember that also in the early spring, the sun can already be quite strong and the temperature in the car can be surprisingly when it is in the sun.

What to do if you see a dog in a car that is in the sun.

Don't look the other way and don't walk away!!! Let the owner search or let them, if possible, broadcasters. If the owner does not show up quickly, call the police or fire department. If the dog is in a life-threatening situation (panic or unconscious), he must be liberated immediately. As it is of course punishable if you take a diamond, you have to make sure that there are witnesses (who see that the dog is bad) and record pictures of the dog with a camera. In any case, always call the police! Picture Arrow    Partially taken from ' Unsere Windhunde ' Sept. 2015

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