Diseases in the Deerhound.

Celtic_knot_5W  In the Newsletter of the English Deerhound Club appeared in the "Winter 2011" edition A very interesting article about the post-operative bleeding of greyhounds and what this means for our Deerhounds. The article itself was written by Dr. John Dillberger, an authority in the field of diseases in the Deerhound but he has his information from various sources that have investigated and are still investigating. The final result of the studies is not yet fully known, but there is already clear what causes death bleeding after surgery. In short, it boils down to the fact that there are very regular greyhounds and Deerhounds 24 to 36 hours (or even longer) after surgery, to get such internal bleeding that they usually die here. This internal hemorrhage is not the result of an error of the operating doctor and it is not Factor VII Deficiency, which has nothing to do with this. At F. VII. D There is a chance that the hound will Doodbloedt after surgery because the mutation in the gene causes no or insufficient blood clots to be made. As mentioned earlier, a very reliable test is available for this genetic abnormality. In this form of bleeding after surgery, it appears that in the first instance blood clots are produced at the places where this is necessary but that these blood clots dissolve too quickly! The bleeding is not caused by one leaking blood vessel but by all blood vessels that have been cut through during the operation. The veins that are tied or densely burned do not cause any problems. The cause that the blood clots dissolve faster than desired, is that the Deerhounds, like the greyhounds and most likely all greyhounds, have thicker blood flowing at a greater speed and with a higher pressure than in normal dogs through the veins and Causes damage to the vein wall. This damage is repaired (coagulation) but the high speed also increases the fibrinolysis system (which the blood clot has to resolve) and this causes the blood clots to dissolve rather than desired. From a blood test, taken before surgery, one can deduce whether a hound has an elevated fibrinolysis system or not. Furthermore, Dr. Dillberger advises to serve every Deerhound for 5 days after surgery to prevent bleeding. The dose is from 24.5 kilos to 36 kilo-500 mg, 36 to 47 kilo-750 mg and from 47 kilo-1000 mg. Before your Deerhound has to be operated, I advise you to inform your veterinarian. Recently, beginning 2015, in Germany a Deerhound to the above condition died, so it really does occur. You can better take it for the uncertain and whether to do the test or to use it for a number of days if your Deerhound has to undergo surgery. Here is the link to the up-date regarding the above condition. https://sdcahealth.wordpress.com/2015/02/17/post-op-bleeding-follow-up/#more-20794  

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The Deerhound is a relatively healthy breed. We have no eye diseases, HD or elbow problems. We do not have many other diseases that occur in many other varieties. The three largest life-threatening diseases occurring in the Deerhound are: heart defects, cancer and gastric torsion. Furthermore, there is sometimes an autoimmune disease, epilepsy or a thyroid abnormality, but not to the extent that it is threatening to the breed. Also liver shunt occurs (± 3%) but because the Dutch breeders are obliged to have the puppies tested for release, this is not a problem for the new owner.

If your Deerhound is affected by a disease, always report it to the breeder. It is important that the breeder knows what is in its lines.

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A heart defect can usually be observed when you check the heart rate of your Deerhound every day. Even if your Deerhound is hijgerig and/or a lesser condition, you will go directly to a heart specialist and preferably someone who has a lot of experience with greyhounds. An ECG and Doppler ultrasound are often sufficient to get a good imaging so that the right medication can be administered. Your Deerhound can often have a good life for some years, but you have to be on time!

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Cancer is often detected only when it is too late. Quite common is bone cancer and usually the bone is so affected that there is nothing left to do. Sometimes it is decided to amputate but usually the lifespan is rather short because of metastases. Please be aware that your Deerhound is crippled and will last longer than three days, then go to the vet. You can also check the legs yourself for a thickening. This is usually found on the long leg bones above or below a joint. During the weekly brush turn you can do this check right.

Other types of tumours, of course, also occur in the Deerhound. If you are in time, there can be a lot of irradiation and chemo cures nowadays. This chemo is practically not burdensome for your Deerhound.

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If your Deerhound is restless, begins to gasp and drool, tries to surrender but nothing comes out, then go with great urgency to the vet. Your Deerhound probably has a stomach torsion. This means that the stomach is turned around its shaft and thus closes both the in and the exit. Because of this, the stomach content can no longer go away and by gasification put the stomach out. Sometimes by means of a snake, which is brought into the stomach through the esophagus, the stomach can be deserved, but then there must be no total torque. If the stomach Is completely tilted, only surgery can keep your Deerhound alive. Please note that during surgery the veterinarian will lashing the stomach because otherwise there is always a chance that a torsion occurs again. Unfortunately, there are still quite a lot of Deerhounds after this operation, due to insufficient oxygen supply to the organs, a.o. The heart, causing so much damage that the organ eventually passes.

For this reason it is very important that you carry your Deerhound at least twice a day and then at least one hour before walking and also not immediately after the walk. We only carry them well after a walk, never before.

Also read the following article: http://www.o-cockaigne.eu/?page_id=13057

Deerhounds can be difficult eaters and especially the bitches. Especially just after the estrous cycle, this is quite a problem. I just feed them by hand and give them something extra tasty, you can also ignore it but a Deerhound keeps it quite long to not eat and they fall off quickly so that they are very skinny soon.

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Currently, there is a lot of research into Cystinuria in America. Simply put a disease in which the kidneys do not absorb the cystine (an acid) sufficiently so that it ends up in the urine where it, if the concentration becomes too high, forms in the bladder crystals which can block the ureter. In the Netherlands The breeding animals are not tested yet, there is not even a good test for this. Get your male pee problems, then go with this story to the vet.

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The puppies are screened in the Netherlands on liver shunt, the percentage of sufferers is not significant.

The screening will do the breeders to guarantee the new puppy owners that their puppy does not have a liver shunt. Liver shunt means that the blood is not filtered or not sufficiently by the liver so that the puppy poisons itself. A puppy with liver shunt is at most two years (exceptions are left there).

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In England and America, Factor VII Deficiency is also tested. Recently, the blood for the test can also be sent to Laboklin in Germany. Factor VII is a protein needed to make blood clot. At one point, a mutation occurred in the Factor VII Gen. The blood does not solidifie anymore. It is a recessive mutation, which means that there are three possibilities: a hound can be a carrier and thus not reveal it but pass it on to his offspring, a hound can be free of it and thus not pass it on to his offspring and a hound can suffer There are. The latter means that during surgery he can bleed dead (but this does not have to necessarily) because his blood does not coagulate and he will thus also inherit it from his offspring. There is still a lot of research into the severity of this defect, but it is already apparent that it is all well and that there is absolutely no need to be rigorously selected to prevent too many genes from being lost. With wit fokcombinaties, this abnormality cannot be done very quickly.

 

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